Emerging Infectious Diseases and Role of Ayurveda
Posted on December 15, 2021

It is widely assumed in society that communicable diseases can only be treated with contemporary drugs and not in the scope of Ayurveda; this is far from the truth. Antibiotic advances reduced toxicity and numerous problems, but they frequently resulted in severe drug responses as well. It is not only vital to manage these disorders, but it is also crucial to avoid them. Ayurveda also believes in microorganisms and their role in infectious disease, but it places more emphasis on the body's response and the occurrence of disease when immunity is compromised.

So read along to know about the emerging infectious diseases and role of Ayurveda in containing them for a healthy life.

Emerging Infectious Diseases and Role of Ayurveda

The ultimate purpose of Ayurveda is to provide complete, comprehensive health, lifeslong wellbeing and all literature is concerned with maintaining the condition of bodily tissue homeostasis. Ayurveda offers three complete illness management techniques. Ayurveda believes that infective substances that cause physiological sickness also impact the psyche. Thus, tripartite care has a clear role to play even in infectious diseases in Ayurveda.
The techniques of psycho-spiritual healing practise of Daivavyapaashrya and Satvavajaya aid in the correction of the disturbed condition of the Psyche, which in turn aids in the potentiation of the body's immune system.
Yukti Vyapaashrya Chikitsa is regarded as more significant since specialised measures against sickness are implemented, such as purifications, drugs, surgical interventions, and so on. Yukti Vyapaashrya Chikitsa Charaka presents a unique three-fold care strategy for the condition, particularly when it is caused by an infection.

Charaka presents three alternative approaches to Krimi management (micro & macro organisms tend to produce disease)
1) Apakarshana 
2) Prakriti Vighata 
3) Nidaana Parivarjana

Ayurvedic Prevention Techniques

It is the process of removing disease-causing Krimi from the body through the use of various therapeutic purificatory processes such as Basti (Enema usually decoction enemas), Vaman (Therapeutic emesis), Virechana (Therapeutic purgation), Shirovirechana (Nasal drops), Rakta Moksha (bloodletting), and manual removal of visible macroorganisms. These activities are to be carried out when the viability of these processes has been determined, i.e. after a thorough analysis of the Ama, Pachayamaana, and Niram phases. This may be used based on the clinical presentation of the condition, the simplicity with which Doshas may be removed, and so on.
Prakriti Vighata
It is a one-of-a-kind medication described by Charaka that employs medications to inhibit the growth of disease-causing bacteria by establishing an unfavourable growing environment for these organisms. In Prakriti Vighata, medications including Tikta, Katu, Kashaya, Ushna (worm material), Kshara (alkali), and other ingredients are used to reduce Kapha and Malas, on which these bacteria lodge, prosper, and multiply, resulting in sickness.
A rise in the number of microorganisms is a very significant aspect of infectious diseases because an increase in the number of microbes subsequently increases toxin load and also uses body physiological mechanisms to increase the number more. This fuels the disease progression. If this chain is blocked at this level, then diseases that occur will be of mild form, requiring very little medication, reducing toxicity and complications, and allowing for early recovery. As a result, the burden on medical management may be reduced. This is especially important for infectious illnesses with extensive incubation and window periods.
Even after a recognised infection, if used correctly, this will aid in the treatment of the problem. Scholars have used the same idea to manage symptoms in fewer individuals with chronic and latent malaria, Hepatitis B, TORCH, and other diseases where most other medications have a restriction, such as the possibility of therapeutic adverse drug responses.
Nidaana Parivarjana
It is the most effective way to manage the illness state. It is regarded as the primary and most important approach of management. Stopping the entry of pathogenic organisms into the body eliminates the possibility of contracting the disease. To comprehend and efficiently apply Nidaan Parivarjana, it is vital to understand the invasion, the reasons responsible for the sickness, and to take all necessary actions to reduce the likelihood of encounters so that one is not exposed to disease-producing germs and does not engage in the same.

Traditional Recipes Followed in Different Parts of India
In different regions of India, traditional dietary and pharmacological remedies are utilised to lower the risk of infectious illnesses. Oushadha Kanji is a unique medicinal porridge used in South Indian states during the rainy season, and it is known as a traditional drink taken in July and August. This is a specific diet based on Ayurvedic principles that are helpful for individuals of all ages since it helps to boost the body's immunity and functions as a cleansing agent.
This dish's unusual blend of herbs, spices, and rice is supposed to keep monsoon fevers at bay and to have a good effect on some of the rainy season's typical ailments. It contains Cumin, Caraway, Fenugreek, Cardamom, Dry Ginger, Coriander, Aniseed, Black Cumin, Dried Turmeric, Cloves, and Common Wireweed. This is consumed in the form of gruel using rice and green gram.

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